There are a variety of HIV prevention tools out there that we know work! Whether it's condoms and lubricant, safer sex and prevention education, syringe exchange, PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis), or testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), Oregonians have a variety of tools to help them prevent HIV. It’s an exciting time because we also have new tools to prevent HIV, including PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis), a daily pill to prevent infection.
100% of Oregonians most in need of PrEP, a daily pill to prevent HIV, have access to it.
Where we’re at:
PrEP is a new tool, so we are still learning how many people need it, how many are on it, and how many doctors prescribe it. Early estimates show that about 25% of men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Portland-metropolitan area may be on PrEP, and there are more than 100 Oregon medical providers on the national PrEP provider directory.
Why prevention matters so much
Proven tools like use of condoms and lubricant have helped maintain low levels of new HIV infection in Oregon.
Syringe exchange keeps people who use Injection drugs safe from diseases like HIV and Hepatitis C.
Taking PEP can help prevent HIV after one-time potential exposures. New tools, like PrEP, a daily pill to prevent infection, can help us end new infections; when taken consistently, PrEP can reduce the risk of becoming HIV infected by more than 90%.
People who are HIV positive can reduce the chance of sexually transmitting HIV to others to effectively zero by taking daily HIV treatment, as prescribed, and maintaining an undetectable viral load (meaning their HIV medicines are working so well that there is an extremely low amount of virus in their blood).